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Though other agencies can perform these tasks but none so efficiently and on so great a scale and with such authority as can the state. It is the main expression of feelings of identity with a distinct sovereign community. Most political theories of the state can roughly be classified into two categories. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. A common simplified definition of a republic is a government where the head of state is not a monarch . It is an important agency of social control which performs this function through laws. 4. - Definition & Meaning, What Is Local Government? The state should provide for education, public parks, museums, playgrounds, and contribute to the development of science, and to the encouragement of art. state for the purpose of producing value for the citizens. Every day, state and federal government work to ensure peace and stability in their jurisdictions. ruling over a given territory, whose authority is backed by a legal system and by the capacity to use military force to implement its policies.’. Young and … Nationalistic loyalties do not always fit with the physical boarders marking the territories of states in the world today. While the relation between the nation-state and nationalism is a complicated one, the two have come into being as part of the same process. It has a ‘monopoly’ of legitimate violence ‘within a specific territory”. (1) Functions peculiar to the state – Although there is a general difference of opinion as to this kind of function it must be admitted that state alone can perform these functions. Preserving public health is the prime responsibility of a local government system. The legislature also approves a state’s budget and initiates tax legislation and articles of impeachment. It is one of the three branches of government as given. Defining state, Anthony Giddens (1997) writes: ‘A state exists where there is a political apparatus of government (institutions like a parliament, civil services officials, etc.) A good example of this is the legality of medical marijuana. The first, which includes liberal or conservative theories, treats capitalism as a given, and concentrates on the function of states in a capitalist society. It should provide for military defense of the nation. States are allowed to create and enforce laws within their borders. Our federal government has three parts. Privacy Policy 8. 2. Disclaimer 9. 2. The only real necessity the Federal Government is supposed to do is protect citizens from all enemies, foreign and domestic that would try to deprive you of your Life, Liberty and Happiness. The other function is to protect the nation against the foreign aggression. Social and physical functions. State functions through the executive, the namely the government. The state is a recognizably separate institution or set of institutions, so differentiated from the rest of its society as to create identifiable public and private spheres. Answer to: What are the three functions a state government can assume? Recognizing and implementing the interests and demands of various groups. Make a list of these activities on the chalkboard. Moreover, its boundaries have not been clearly defined and are constantly changing. - Definition, Responsibilities & Challenges, Traditional Types of Government: Definitions, Strengths & Weaknesses, National Government: Definition, Responsibilities & Powers, What is Congress? 1. The President of the United States administers the Executive Branch of our government. ADVERTISEMENTS: State: Meaning and Functions of the State! All 50 states have legislatures made up of elected representatives, who consider matters brought forth by the governor or introduced by its members to create legislation that becomes law. All rights reserved. Nationalism can be defined as ‘a set of symbols and beliefs providing the sense of being part of a single political community’. The three organs of government are the legislative, executive, and judicial. The state has the capacity to extract monetary revenues (taxation) to finance its activities from its subject—population. Almost everyone in the world today is a member of a definite political order. In modern societies most people living within the borders of the political system are citizens, having common rights and duties and knowing themselves to be part of a nation. 3.1 INTRODUCTION. Additionally, federal law and government applies to all citizens within a country, whereas, state laws only apply to individuals residing within that state. Establishment and protection of the gen… A nation-state is a nation governed by a state whose authority coincides with the boundaries of the nation. Any State have two basic functions, to sustain order in the society by enforcing the state law and by execution of social sanctions. If a government fails to do its functions in a state, the citizens can request for the replacement of such government in as much Democracy is in practice. Ask students to identify examples of the activities that local, state, and national governments carry out in the U.S. economy; for example: provide for national defense, collect social security taxes, pay social security benefits, build highways, and insure quality of food and medicines. Without a government there would be lawlessness and anarchy and ultimately the state would be dissolved. The internal functions of the government can be conventionally divided into main and minor ones. The State is sovereign, or the supreme power, within its territory, and by definition the ultimate authority for all law. Max Weber defined it as ‘the social insti­tution that holds a monopoly over the use of force’. This is called a system of checks and balances. It is here useful to bear in mind Althusser’s concept of state apparatuses. ADVERTISEMENTS: Government consists of three organs, namely, legislature, executive and judiciary. If the function of government is to protect the liberty of the citizen, and if the aim of education is to prepare the individual for the rational use of his liberty, the State cannot rightfully or consistently make education a pretext for interfering with rights and liberties which the Creator, not the State, has conferred. Protect the Natural Rights. 1. Government must be effective; it must possess the capacity to maintain order and enforce obedience. States also collect fees, such as tolls, and lottery ticket sales, hospital charges and liquor sales. 3. Content Guidelines 2. State power lies in these institutions. Welfare states don't just redistribute money from wealthier individuals to poorer ones, they redistribute resources from the young to the old, the disabled, and the socially challenged. Somalia has split apart. Content Filtrations 6. The Three Branches of Government The separation of government powers amongst three branches prevents abuses of power. They are the Executive, (President and about 5,000,000 workers) Legislative (Senate and House of Representatives) and Judicial (Supreme Court and lower Courts). Each community acquires a distinctive character through its association with nationalism. This function of the legislature is to supervise and check the activities of the executive arm of government so as to avoid dictatorship in government. The functions of local bodies, broadly speaking, fall under two heads: direct services to the public, and indirect functions. The state is responsible for making the appropriate arrangements to offer the best education to its inhabitants and the largest number of educational institutions and health care centers. Most governments around the … State: Meaning and Functions of the State! The important functions are: (i) Allocation function (ii) Distribution function All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Nation-states have come into existence generally after 19th century. What are the state’s interests or the boundaries of the state? The state’s sovereignty extends to all the individuals within a given territory, irrespective of formal positions held in the government or rule-making institutions. I will describe the role of each below. The world today is largely organized into nation-states. When government-- in pursuit of good intentions tries to rearrange the economy, legislate morality, or help special interests, the cost come in inefficiency, lack of motivation, and loss of … Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. Become a Study.com member to unlock this Some functions of the state most important in society are to provide defense and security to citizens, protect and guarantee universal rights, maintain order and peace, administer justice and conduct relations with other states.. Theories of the State. What are the three functions a state government can assume? Each state's government holds legislative, executive, and judicial authority over a defined geographic territory. , such as tolls, and lottery ticket sales, hospital charges and liquor sales and trained for in... 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