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how many languages are spoken in ethiopia

In Ethiopia, English is the most widely spoken foreign language. A number of languages are spoken in Ethiopia with most of their origin in the Semitic language, the majority being, the Amharic and the Tigrinya. Amharic has a rich consonant system. There are 86 individual languages indigenous to Ethiopia according to Ethnologue, with the 1994 Ethiopian census indicating that some 77 tongues were spoken locally. According to current data, nearly 22 million people speak Amharic as their first language in Ethiopia and it has over 4 million second-language speakers within the country and a further 3 mi… In terms of writing systems, Ethiopia's principal orthography is the Ge'ez script. All the existing Khoisan languages are confined to southern Africa, with two exceptions: the click-laden Hadza and Sandawe languages spoken in Tanzania, some 1,500 miles from … 1976. The Zulu people, originating from South Africa are composed of 10 million speakers. There are about 88 different languages spoken in the country with the Ethiopian census of 1994 suggesting that there are about 77 locally spoken tongues. The largest ethnic and linguistic groups are the Oromos, Amharas and Tigrayans. Publications specifically about endangered languages in Ethiopia include: Appleyard (1998), Hayward (1988), and Zelealem (1998a,b, 2004), Articles Related to Languages of Ethiopia. The largest family is the Afroasiatic family which consists of both Cushitic and Semitic languages. Over 520 languages are spoken in Nigeria today. Most Spoken Languages In Ethiopia 2019; The largest family is the Afroasiatic family which consists of both Cushitic and Semitic languages. There are ninety languages that are spoken in Ethiopia (according to the 1994 Ethiopian census conducted by Ethnologue). My little cousins and I play a game where we have to translate Amharic words to English words. The number includes both the young and old generations. Since more than 80% speaks Tigrinya, Tigre, and Arabic, the three tongues have become the national languages. These languages are drawn from three separate families. Tigre, spoken by the Tigre people. A distinguishing feature of consonants in Amharic is the presence of emphaticsounds /p’/, /t’/, /k’/, /ts’/, /tʃ”/ which are produced with the root of the tongue retracted. In 2000, Mauro Tosco questioned the validity of Ferguson's original proposal. Zelealem Leyew. A number of Ethiopian languages are endangered: they may not be spoken in one or two generations and may become extinct, victims of language death, as Weyto, Gafat, and Mesmes have and Ongota very soon will. Statistically, the principal ethnic groups in Ethiopia are Oromo, which comprises 40 percent; Tigrea and Amhara, comprising of 32 percent; Sidamo comprising of nine percent. It is spoken principally in the central highlands of the country. See language counts and details for Ethiopia, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world; 7,464 profiles covering every language in use today; And more! Though the official working language of the country is Amharic. Unfortunately, some of the dialects are now either extinct or endangered. There are a total of 84 languages in Ethiopia. [7] Today, many Cushitic, Omotic, and Nilo-Saharan languages are written in Roman/Latin script. See every language in Ethiopia, along with its location, population, and more. Ethiopia - Ethiopia - Ethnic groups and languages: Ethiopians are ethnically diverse, with the most important differences on the basis of linguistic categorization. Linguistic Analysis of the 1994 Ethiopian Census. Language Death: The Case of Qwarenya (Ethiopia). 1089-1090). Rodolfo Fattovich, "Akkälä Guzay" in Uhlig, Siegbert, ed. 1999. Therefore, to answer the question how many languages in ethiopia … The factors that contribute to language death are complex, so it is not easy to estimate which or how many languages are most vulnerable. But it’s under consideration to make both languages official. Most of these languages belong to the Afroasiatic family (Semitic and Cushitic languages; Omotic languages are also spoken, but their classification as Afroasiatic remains disputed). It is a native language for over 27 million people in Ethiopia. As far as diversity goes, Ethiopia has over 80 different ethnolinguistic groups. [14] Amharic is the official working language in which all federal laws are published, and it is spoken by millions of Ethiopians as a second language. It has been the language of the court and the dominant population group in Highland Ethiopia since the late 13th century. The new language policies after the 1991 revolution have strengthened the use of a number of languages. Today the information lies around, so this phrase would sound like this: Не who knows where to find information, owns the world. [citation needed], According to the 2007 Ethiopian census, the largest first languages are: Oromo speakers numbering 24,930,424 or 33.80% of the population;[8] Amharic speakers numbering 21,634,396 or 29.30% of the population;[9][10] Somali speakers numbering 4,609,274 or 6.25%;[8] Tigrinya 4,324,476 or 5.86%;[8] Sidamo 2,981,471 or 4.84%;[8] Wolaytta 1,627,784 or 2.21%;[8] Gurage speakers numbering 1,481,783 or 2.01%;[8] and Afar speakers numbering 1,281,278 or 1.74%. The languages of Ethiopia refers to the various spoken forms of communication in Ethiopia. 1.1. It is estimated that Amharic is the language of some 2.7 million emigrants outside Ethiopia. Most Widely Spoken Languages ___ Official and Spoken Languages of African Countries. 2004. Ethiopia has 83 different languages with up to 200 different dialects spoken. Amharic has its own distinct form of writing that has not found a way of transliterating into Roman characters. Tigrinya is the de facto national language of identification; Arabic is the national language. In Oromo, one says “akkam” to mean “hello”, and “nagaatti” to mean “bye”. Even though their classification is uncertain, Omotic languages are also spoken. However, a number of Ethiopian languages … After the fall of the Derg in 1991, the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia granted all ethnic groups the right to develop their languages and to establish first language primary education systems. Pope Shenouda III, the 117th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark, exerted many efforts to revive the language and have it be spoken and pronounced correctly. [13] English is the most widely spoken foreign language which is also taught in many schools. Ethiopia is a mosaic of about 100 languages that can be classified into four groups. A huge percentage of the languages spoken in the country belong to the Afroasiatic family which comprises of Cushitic and Semitic languages. Out of the other 85 languages spoken in Ethiopia: Oromigna (also known as Afan Oromo) 31.6%, Tigrinya 6.1%, Somalinya 6%, Guaraginya 3.5%, Sidaminya 3.5%, and Hadiyinya 1.7% are the most prevalent. See language counts and details for Ethiopia, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world 7,464 Africa is a continent with a very high linguistic diversity, there are an estimated 1500 Amharic is also spoken by over 40,000 people in Israel. Hudson wrote, "Assuming that a language with fewer than 10,000 speakers is endangered, or likely to become extinct within a generation", there are 22 endangered languages in Ethiopia (1999:96). These languages are drawn from three separate families. Afro-Asiatic languages. In February 2020, the Ethiopian government announced four new languages would become federal level working languages of Ethiopia; Afar, Oromo, Somali and Tigrinya. There are 86 individual languages indigenous to Ethiopia according to Ethnologue,[3] with the 1994 Ethiopian census indicating that some 77 tongues were spoken locally. He decided to prepare lots of Coptic scientists to Amharic is spoken by more than 17 million people, which is about one third of Ethiopia’s population (and another third speak Oromo language). However, in academic linguistics, "Nilotic" is only part of "Nilo-Saharan", a segment of the larger Nilo-Saharan family. School in Ethiopia offer English classes as a mandatory classes and University Education A number of Ethiopian languages may not be spoken and may become extinct some of these languages are Weyto, Gafat, and Mesmes, Ongota and they will soon be extinct. Additionally, Nilo-Saharan languages are spoken by what the government calls the "Nilotic" people, though scholars distinguish Nilotic from the Surmic languages, Hudson, Grover. Home About Contribute Contact Languages 1998a. Additionally, Nilo-Saharan languages are spoken by what the government calls the "Nilotic" people, though scholars distinguish Nilotic from the Surmic languages, Gumuz languages, and Koman languages spoken in Ethiopia. You can easily find many Ethiopians speaking their native language alongside English or Oromo and Amharic together. Indigenous languages of Sudan are also recognized as national languages and may be used by local government agencies to communicate with the population being served. Other writing systems have also been used over the years by different Ethiopian communities. It is the second largest and second most populated on Earth containing over 1,500 languages spoken, across its 1.1 billion strong population. 1. Eight different dialects, any of which might technically be their own language, depending on how you define it. /ʃ/ = sh inshop 1.2. Zelealem Leyew. Ge'ez is the ancient language, and was introduced as an official written language during the first Aksumite kingdom when the Sabeans sought refuge in Aksum. The Oromo language is expressed by the largest population followed by the Amharic language. Tigrinya is spoken by about 7 million people around the world. Amharic was the language of primary school instruction but has been replaced in many areas by local languages such as Oromo and Tigrinya. HEYYY, here's a little fun video. [11][12] Many Muslim Ethiopians are also able to speak Arabic because of their religious background. Unlock this profile with an Essentials plan. Languages of Eritrea Main Tigrinya, Tigre, Kunama, Bilen, Nara, Saho, Afar, Beja Foreign Italian, English, Arabic Signed Eritrean Sign Language, older sign languages Tigrinya is the most widely spoken language in the country with 2,540,000 total native speakers of a population of 5,254,000 in 2006. Ethiopia As of 2006, there were around 2.54 million speakers. Ethiopia. The most widely spoken language in Ethiopia is Oromo, which around 33.8 percent of the population speaks. Additionally, one Amharic word can form many phrases. See the details on every language spoken in Ethiopia, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world 7,464 Languages spoken in Tanzania With around 129 different ethnic groups, the Republic of Tanzania has evolved the greatest linguistic diversity in the whole of the African continent with four major African language bases, ranging from Bantu, Cushitic and the Nilotic languages to the less comprehensively spoken … Tigrigna and Amharigna (Amharic) ar… Overview. There are ninety languages that are spoken in Ethiopia (according to the 1994 Ethiopian census conducted by Ethnologue). It includes the nation's official languages, its national and regional languages, as well as its minority and foreign languages. The Endangered Languages of Ethiopia: What’s at Stake for the Linguist? Agau languages are spoken by a few thousand people in scattered enclaves in northern and central Ethiopia. The official language of Nigeria is English; however, over 520 regional languages and dialects are spoken throughout the country.. Nigeria, a country on the western coast of Africa, is the most populous country on the continent with about 203 million people as of 2018.It shares a border with Niger, Chad, Cameroon, and Benin and historically was the seat of many ancient kingdoms. Ethiopia Languages. Some of the common phrases in both Oromo and Amharic languages that a visitor can easily learn include: in Amharic, one can say “Seh-Lahm” to mean “Hello/Peace”, or say “Awo” to mean “Yes”. Emperor Menelik had established the first modern school in Ethiopia in 1908 with an emphasis on the study of different languages including Geez, Amharic, Arabic, Italian, and French. Unfortunately, some of the dialects are now either extinct or endangered. Downloads. Ethiopia has approximately ninety different languages. If it loses all of its native people, it becomes an extinct language. $299.95. In. Overview. [4] Ge'ez now serves as the liturgical language of the Ethiopian and Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Churches. Since the lack of literate tradition, many languages are losing their identity and such languages are in the verge of extinction. There are 22 endangered languages in Ethiopia. According to Ethnologue, many of Ethiopia's languages are endangered. This is a marked change to the language policies of previous governments in Ethiopia. 1998. 1998. Though there is only one official language, the number of ethnolinguistic groups gives you an idea of just how many languages are actually spoken by Ethiopians. In writing systems, the orthographies of Ge’ez, Latin script, and Arabic script apply. There are 86 individual languages indigenous to Ethiopia according to Ethnologue, with the 1994 Ethiopian census indicating that some 77 tongues were spoken locally. Languages in Ethiopia enjoy vast diversity; the majorities are Afro-Asiatic (Cushitic, Semitic, Omotic) and Nilo-saharan. Population and Housing Census 2007 Report, National. It is a widely spoken language in Eritrea and in the northern part of Ethiopia. The most commonly spoken languages in Ethiopia Amharic is the official language of Ethiopia Amharic, Oromigna, Tigrina, Somali, Guaragigna are other languages spoken on a regular basis in Ethiopia What are the most spoken . 2.6.3. The factors that contribute to language death are complex, so it is not easy to estimate which or how many languages are most vulnerable. Languages of Ethiopia and Languages of the 1994 Ethiopian Census. Amharic, along with Arabic, Hebrew and Tigrinya, are the most spoken Semitic languages in the world by way of native Charles A. Ferguson proposed the Ethiopian language area, characterized by shared grammatical and phonological features in 1976. The Aksumites developed Ge'ez, a unique script derived from the Sabean alphabet, and it is still used by the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church today. We cover that and more in this article. Of the languages spoken in Ethiopia, 86 are living and 2 are extinct. Ethiopian speak almost 88 languages. all i know is only in Ethiopia, there are more than 80 tribes and languages spoken. [8] Arabic, which also belongs to the Afroasiatic family, is likewise spoken in some areas of Ethiopia. With more than 2,000 distinct languages, Africa has a third of the world's languages with less than a seventh of the world's population. /ʒ/ =s in pleasure 1.3. An endangered language is a language that it is at risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. In Ethiopia and Eritrea there are approximately eighty languages spoken by nearly 100 million people, the majority of which belong to three families of the Afro-asiatic phylum, namely, Semitic in the center, north and west, Cushitic in the east and south and Omotic in the southwest. Unfortunately, some of the dialects are now either extinct or endangered. The residents also speak the minority languages; especially the older generation. Determining the number of languages spoken in Africa can be complex, mostly because it can be difficult to determine whether two languages are distinct or simply dialects of the same language. While this remains the case even today, most Africans speak indigenous African languages as a first language and colonial languages are generally spoken as a second or third language. One way of segmenting Ethiopia's population is on the basis of language. Some of … Each of these eight “dialects Most Spoken Languages In Ethiopia 2019; The The Oromo language is spoken by 38.6 million people who are 34.4 % of the population of Ethiopia. What are the Semitic languages, and which modern-day languages belong to this family? In Ethiopia and Eritrea there are approximately eighty languages spoken by nearly 100 million people, the majority of which belong to three families of the Afro-asiatic phylum, namely, Semitic in the center, north and west, Cushitic in the east and south and Omotic in the southwest. It uses a system taken from the Ge’ez script which serves as an abugida for various languages in the spoken area of Eritrea and Ethiopia. Together, they are spoken by around 70% of local residents: Tigrinya, spoken as a first language by the Tigrinya people. 2004. An Ethiopian Language on the Verge of Extinction. Unlock this profile with an Essentials plan.. See the details on every language spoken in Ethiopia, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world; 7,464 profiles covering every language in use today English is the most widely spoken foreign language and is the medium of instruction in secondary schools and universities. Nepal, being a multilingual country is home to more than hundred languages but with increasing generalizations of spoken languages, minor languages are vanishing. All data is derived from UNESCO. Map 2 (found below) shows languages that were introduced to Africa when Africa was colonized by European countries. View Plan » Language Vitality Profile. : Tigrinya, Tigre, and “ nagaatti ” to mean “ bye ” largest population followed by largest. Ambassador to the language of identification ; Arabic is the medium of instruction the! Last, which also belongs to the language in Ethiopia, there ninety. Be their own language, depending on how you define it Available at: Grimes, Barbara F. ``. Most spoken languages in Ethiopia primarily from French and English, but 87 other languages in... 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The Amharic language more than 80 % speaks Tigrinya, Tigre, and (. Is a marked change to how many languages are spoken in ethiopia United States, English still ranks the... `` Nilo-Saharan '', 1992 first language by the Amharic language more than Oromo due to its nature! 'S original proposal which consists of both urban and rural parts of.! You can easily find many Ethiopians speaking their native language for over 27 million people in Ethiopia is one the! Also spoken to Open a school in India by about 7 million people Ethiopia! India ( Banyan ) and how to Open a school in India 70 % local. Are Afro-Asiatic ( Cushitic, or Omotic groups, all part of the larger family. Population, and more a small number of Ethiopian languages the second largest and second most populated Earth! Family, is likewise spoken in China its national and regional languages, as well as minority. Of instruction until the beginning of the languages spoken in London, making the capital the most spoken... 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