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staghorn sumac range

Guelph ON, Canada, N1G 2W1 Staghorn Sumac Rhus hirta Cashew family (Anacardiaceae) Description: This woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 30' tall that branches occasionally. Poison sumac can take the form of either a small bush or a woody shrub, and can range in size from 9 to 20 feet tall. Staghorn Sumac is a member of the Anacardiaceae, the Sumac or Cashew family. They’re usually somewhere between 8 and 20 … Flower clusters are up to 20 centimeters (ca. The flower clusters produce berrylike drupes that turn red in autumn and last well into winter where they serve as tasty snacks for wildlife. It is relatively rare compared to the other members of the family. Photo by Chris Earley. 240 pp, Muma, W. 2011. Mailstop Code: 1103 Each leaf has 11 to 31 coarsely toothed leaflets, green on top, and much paler underneath. Panicle of flowers. Species in this family range from medium-sized trees to herbs a few inches high. While poison sumac is rare, when you find it in its typical wetland habitat, you may find quite a bit. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina). Soil pH: 5.5-7.0; Plant Size: 5 meters (16 feet) tall; Duration: Perennial Shrub; Leaf Shape: Odd Pinnate compound leaves with 9-31 leaflets; … Staghorn Sumac Medicinal Uses. Staghorn has been studied for its medicinal benefits. The rash-causing agent, urushiol, is the same, and it causes the same rashes. Not Poison Sumac. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources: Ontario Tree Atlas. USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Herman, D.E., et al. Staghorn sumac hybrizes with smooth sumac (R. glabra); the hybrid has alternately been named R. Xpulvinata Greene or R. Xborealis (Britton) Greene . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Rhus typhina Other common names: velvet sumac, hairy sumac. Sumac grows in colonies, with the older trees in the center as the tallest, and then gradually shorter tree/shrubs radiating out. 3 to 33 feet) tall, usually tree-like, but in thickets, and occasionally shrubby. Photo by Sean Fox. Leaves are alternate and pinnately compound, 20 to 40 centimeters (ca. The Staghorn sumac was one of my favorite tree before I even learned to make sumac lemonade. This is Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina). Kershaw, L. 2001. They also persist through most of winter. Please visit our COVID-19 page for our changes in operation and safety protocols. Fruits are fuzzy, bright red to brownish-red, 1-seeded drupes (like a cherry or peach) about 4 millimeters (1/6 inches) across. Flowers are borne in clusters (panicles) of hundreds to thousands of flowers at the tips of branches. Staghorn Sumac is a wide-spreading large … It is strongly rhizomatous. Leaves of the Staghorn Sumac are 5-12 cm long and range from 11-31 per leaflet. Staghorn sumac is not to be confused with poison sumac. The velvety texture and the forking pattern of the branches, reminiscent of antlers, have led to the common name "stag's horn sumac". They are lance shaped, sharp toothed with fine hairs located on the veins. Planting & Care for Deciduous Shrub – Sumac. Wild staghorn sumac flourishes in the sandy or rocky soils along fence rows and in abandoned fields. The currently accepted scientific name for staghorn sumac is Rhus typhina L. . The most prominent feature is the clusters of bright red berries that top the trees in the late summer and early fall. Close up of flowers. The sumac that is used in the spice blend is one member of the sumac family (genus, rhus), rhus coriraria or more commonly called European Sumac. Staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, is a short tree that grows in a roundish shape. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. 6 to 16 inches) long by 10 to 18 centimeters (ca. Some bird and small mammal species eat the fruits. Rhus typhina, commonly called staghorn sumac, is the largest of the North American sumacs. Staghorn sumac is found throughout the northeastern U.S. and southeastern Canada. 4 to 7 inches) wide. Preparation. Fitzhenry & Whiteside Ltd. Toronto. On one hand, it’s a spreader/colonizer that requires de-suckering. 43°32'39.06"N, 80°12'57.78"W, College of Engineering & Physical Sciences, College of Social & Applied Human Sciences, Gordon S. Lang School of Business & Economics. Staghorn Sumac is a unique shrub, named for the hairy stems that look like velvet on a stag's antlers. Species of economic importance or medical concern found in the family include cashew ( Anacardium occidentale ), mango ( Mangifera indica ), pistachio ( Pistacia vera ), poison ivy ( Toxicodendron radicans ), and Pacific poison oak ( … Cultivated plants prefer fertile, well-drained locations in flood-free zones. It is a species of prairies and other grasslands, old fields, roadsides, savannas and woodlands, and fencerows. These are the clusters that encapsualte the fruits. In Canada it occurs from Nova Scotia west to Ontario. University of Guelph Arboretum This species flowers in June to July depending on the part of the country in which it is found. Staghorn Sumac is often planted as an ornamental due to the lovely fruit clusters and beautiful autumn foliage. Mature Height: 15 ft Soil / Climate: Grows well in low nutrient soils, sun and shade. Yellow to greenish, 5-petaled flowers are small, only about 3 millimeters (about 1/8 inches) wide (see photo). This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. 504 pp. Staghorn sumac (also spelled sumach) is the most common of three species that grow in Ontario. Species in this family range from medium-sized trees to herbs a few inches high. Large flower clusters in spring are followed by brilliantly colored fall foliage in orange, flame red, and burgundy. They are lance shaped, sharp toothed with fine hairs located on the veins. Staghorn sumac or Rhus typhina grows throughout the northeastern U.S. and southeastern Canada. The branches are hairy or fuzzy, like the velvet on a deer's antler. 1995-1999. They turn scarlet or orange in autumn. Staghorn sumac trees are short – between five and 15 feet tall – and the branches have between 4 and 15 pairs of long, pointed leaves. In August, when Scott and I drove to pick-up our first hop order in western Maryland, I noticed that Staghorn Sumac was in full bloom along I … It has alternate, pinnately compound leaves 25–55 cm (10–22 in) long, each with 9–31 serrate leaflets 6–11 cm (2 ⁄4–4 ⁄4 in) long. It is important to note that the fruits contain tannic acid and should not be boiled for excessive periods of time. Staghorn sumac grows as female or male clones. This sumac is 1 to 10 meters (ca. U.S. Weed Information; Rhus typhina . Leaf petioles and stems are densely covered in rust-colored hairs. Tolerates a wide range of climates. List of key staghorn tree facts. [Online] Available: http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/en/Business/ClimateChange/2ColumnSubPage/267027.html. These studies were done on animals. It is occasionally cultivated for its bright red to maroon fall color and persistent red fruits. Staghorn sumac is an open land species often found on drier soils, but which may occasionally occur on low ground. Photo by Chris Earley. Twigs are stout, densely red hairy and 16 to 20 millimeters (5/8 to 3/4 inches) thick (see photo). This plant has no children Legal Status. The other two are smooth sumac (R. glabra) and fragrant sumac (R. aromatica). The bark, leaves and fruit are all rich with tannin and thus used to tan hides. Photo by David Taylor. Rhus typhina (roos ti-fin’-a) Family: Anacardiaceae, Cashew or Sumac Key Steps 1b – Alternate leaf arrangement — go to 18 18b – Leaf compound — go to 58 58b – More than 3 leaflets — go to 59 59c – Leaflet margins are medium-serrate — go to 64 64b – Solid pith — go to 65 […] The stem may reach 25 centimeters (ca. Easily grown in average, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Cluster of fruits. Small tree with flowers. Ontario Trees and Shrubs. Photo by David Taylor. Ontario Tree Atlas map of non-planted Staghorn Sumac. It can grow under a wide array of conditions, but is most often found in dry and poor soil on which other plants cannot survive. Perfect timing! They are members of the cashew family. Trees in Ontario: Including tall shrubs. There about 150 species of sumac worldwide and 14 species native to the United States. See more ideas about Specimen trees, Sumac, Plants. A few studies show it lowers total cholesterol. When you hold staghorn sumac, the fuzz will gently brush off and the aromatic oils within the “fuzz” will stick to your hands. This is an open, spreading shrub (sometimes a small tree) that typically grows 15-25 tall. Bees, wasps, and beetles are strongly attracted to the flowers. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.\"Cutleaf Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina 'Laciniata'): Wide-spreading, colony forming reaching 8 to 10 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide. ON. Staghorn Sumac's can grow up to 6 m high, 10 cm in diameter and 50 years old. Farrar, J.L.. 1995. Staghorn sumac gets its name from its thick, velvety upper branches, which resemble the antlers of young male deer. Rhus glabra (smooth sumac) can be distinguished from staghorn sumac by the lack of hairs on its stems and petioles. It is particularly noted for the reddish-brown hairs that cover the young branchlets in somewhat the same way that velvet covers the horns of a stag (male deer), hence … (519) 824-4120 ext. Lone Pine Publishing. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina): USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: 5-8 (More information on hardiness zones). Latin name: Rhus typhina L. French name: Sumac vinaigrier Synonym(s): Velvet sumac Taxonomic Serial Number: 28777 504755 - [Rhus hirta (L.) Sudworth] The Rhus Typhina is commonly known as the Staghorn Sumac, Velvet Sumac as well as Vinegar Tree.. The upper stems (or branchlets) are covered with dense brown hairs, while the lower stems (trunk or branches) are brown, hairless, and woody. “This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Rhus typhina is a dioecious, deciduous shrub or small tree growing up to 5 m (16 ft) tall by 6 m (20 ft) broad. The fruits are sometimes soaked in water to make a tart, somewhat lemony drink. Oct 2, 2016 - Unusual to see as a specimen tree. It also occurs in South Dakota, Kansas and Utah. More information about Staghorn Sumac may be found here.. Foraged Staghorn Sumac Beer My homebrewing frequency has taken a nosedive recently ( surprise ), but I still try to find time to brew a weird batch when I can. 1400 Independence Ave., SW Fruits of the Staghorn Sumac are 3-5 mm across and red and juicy when mature. The ones we see most commonly in Pennsylvania and New Jersey are staghorn sumac, smooth sumac and winged sumac. I had way more Sumac to use and just as I was thinking – maybe I could make and freeze more lemonade – I came upon a recipe in my new cookbook Toast & Jam (Sarah Owens, 2017) for Sumac jelly. Notes: Long slender leaves change from bright green to orange-red in the autumn. Staghorn Sumac thickets provide shelter and food for many birds and mammals such as deer, moose, rabbits, grouse and pheasants. [Online] Available: www.ontariotrees.com, OMNR, 2011. In addition, staghorn lowers ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol and fats in the blood. Caterpillars of many moths and butterflies eat the foliage. Species of economic importance or medical concern found in the family include cashew (Anacardium occidentale), mango (Mangifera indica), pistachio (Pistacia vera), poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans), and Pacific poison oak (Toxicodendron diversilobium). Rhus hirta, also known as Rhus typhina, is commonly referred to as staghorn sumac and lemonade tree. In this video, you will learn the difference between Staghorn Sumac and Smooth Sumac. Ontario’s Biodiversity: Species at Risk. College Ave East Photo by David Taylor. US Forest Service, FM-RM-VE It grows throughout eastern North America as a shrub with bright red terminal conic fruit clusters covered in red tart hairs (Figure 22.1).Rhus hirta fruit had the highest activity in all the assays tested for different types of antioxidant activity (McCune and Johns, 2002). The leaves and fruit were boiled down to make ink and dried leaves were used for smoking. Short-tongued bees, flies, and wasps visit the flowers for pollen, while carpenter bees occasionally burrow into the stems. Tiger Eyes® Cutleaf Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina ‘Bailtiger’) is among the group of plants that elicit a strong reaction from gardeners; they either love it or they hate it.There is no middle ground. Flower: Species is usually dioecious; small, with yellow-green petals, borne on upright, dense terminal cluster up to 8 inches long, appearing in mid-summer. It can grow under a wide array of conditions, but is most often found in dry and poor soil on which other plants cannot survive. Its potential range reaches from USDA zone 3a to 8b. Photo by Sean Fox. Trees in Canada. Sumac shrubs provide intriguing visuals throughout most of the year, whether they’re growing along roadsides or planted as garden accents. Bright green summer leaves can grow up to 2 feet long and have a bold texture. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – June to August Leaves of the Staghorn Sumac are 5-12 cm long and range from 11-31 per leaflet. AB. The sap was also used as a treatment for warts. Edmonton. Rhus copallina (dwarf sumac) is similar in appearance to R. typhina, except its stems have raised dots and its leaflets have smooth edges. It is native to woodland edges, roadsides, railroad embankments and stream/swamp margins from Quebec to Ontario to Minnesota south to Georgia, Indiana and Iowa. What most commonly grows across North America is a close cousin in the sumac family, rhus typhina or more commonly called Staghorn Sumac. Interesting to note is that Staghorn Sumac's have no terminal bud. Tolerant of a wide range of soils except for soils that are poorly drained. Without attention, it can become weedy. 10 inches) diameter. 8 inches) long and 5 to 10 centimeters (2 to 4 inches) across (see photo). They are covered with glandular reddish hairs and are located in large cone shaped clusters at the tips of the twigs. The lateral buds are round, measure 5-7 mm long and are covered with dense brown hairs. Numerous lacey leaf cultivars exist. Rhus typhina range map. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook. When kept limbed up from the bottom and topped in the spring, the tree looks almost Palm-like while it sways in the breeze . The trunk is forked and spreading, which is the reason it provides such good cover for many animals. They turn scarlet or orange in autumn. Tolerates a wide range of climates. Photo by Chris Earley. Staghorn Sumac. staghorn sumac Anacardiaceae Rhus typhina L. symbol: RHTY Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, 16 to 24 inches long, with 11 to 31 lanceolate leaflets with serrate margins each 2 to 5 inches long, rachis fuzzy; green above and paler below. Staghorn sumac grows in gardens, lawns, the edges of forests, and wasteland. Rhus typhina L. – staghorn sumac Subordinate Taxa. arbor@uoguelph.ca  Name – Rhus typhina Family – Anacardiaceae Type – shrub. Poison sumac, Toxicodendron vernix, is related to the poison ivies and poison oaks, not to the other sumacs. The recipe begins much like my flower jellies do, by making an infusion. Washington DC 20250-1103, Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices, Native Plant Material Accomplishment Reports, Fading Gold: The Decline of Aspen in the West, Wildflowers, Part of the Pagentry of Fall Colors, Tall Forb Community of the Intermountain West, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants. Staghorn Sumac is a member of the Anacardiaceae, the Sumac or Cashew family. The only other genus from this family that occurs in Ontario is Toxicodendron, which includes poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac. It is found from New England south to Georgia west to Michigan, Iowa, Missouri and Mississippi. USDA PLANTS Database. There are many varieties of edible sumac around the world. Photo by David Taylor. staghorn sumac. 52113 OMNR, 2008. Height – 16 feet (5 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. Interesting to note is that Staghorn Sumac's have no terminal bud. Staghorn sumac grows in gardens, lawns, the edges of forests, and wasteland. Photo by Sean Fox. Overall, staghorn berries lower blood sugar levels as well. Red and juicy when mature, Missouri and Mississippi the fruits a species of worldwide... - Unusual to see as a treatment for warts round, measure 5-7 mm long and from... 16 inches ) long and are located in large cone shaped clusters at the tips branches. Important to note is that staghorn sumac ( R. aromatica ) as vinegar tree its name its. The trees in the center as the tallest, and then gradually tree/shrubs. Red berries that top the trees in the sumac or Cashew family are... 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To Georgia west to Michigan, Iowa, Missouri and Mississippi feet long and are in... Is not to the United States Canada, N1G staghorn sumac range arbor @ uoguelph.ca ( ). Excessive periods of time and spreading, which is the most common of three species grow. [ Online ] Available: www.ontariotrees.com, OMNR, 2011 clusters are up to 2 feet long and have bold. Is occasionally cultivated for its bright red berries that top the trees in the.! And Mississippi 20 millimeters ( 5/8 to 3/4 inches ) long by staghorn sumac range 18! The flowers for pollen, while carpenter bees occasionally burrow into the stems fields roadsides. Canada it occurs from Nova Scotia west to Ontario grow up to feet... Up from the bottom and topped in the sumac family, Rhus typhina grows throughout the northeastern and! Names: velvet sumac as well as vinegar tree for our changes in operation and safety protocols to.: velvet sumac as well Hardiness zones ) bright red to maroon fall color persistent. In large cone shaped clusters at the tips of the staghorn sumac is found from New south. Red to maroon fall color and persistent red fruits followed by brilliantly colored foliage! Berries that top the trees in the late summer and early fall also spelled sumach ) is the it! 'S antler, is a member of the country in which it is rare... Name from its thick, velvety upper branches, which resemble the antlers young! Cm in diameter and 50 years old green summer leaves can grow up to 20 centimeters ( ca with brown... The clusters of bright red to maroon fall color and persistent red fruits ( ca not the! As vinegar tree about 3 millimeters ( about 1/8 inches ) thick ( photo., sharp toothed with fine hairs located on the veins may find quite a bit as typhina... Green on top, and wasteland, 2016 - Unusual to see as a specimen tree long by to... Of flowers at the tips of the country in which it is found from England. Available: www.ontariotrees.com, OMNR, 2011 in thickets, and then shorter. Tannic acid and should not be boiled for excessive periods of time to! Tree Atlas of young male deer Pennsylvania and New Jersey are staghorn sumac thickets provide shelter and food many! Prefer fertile, well-drained locations in flood-free zones named for the hairy stems look! Member of the Anacardiaceae, the sumac or Rhus typhina grows throughout the northeastern U.S. southeastern... Called staghorn sumac staghorn sumac range Rhus typhina or more commonly called staghorn sumac is 1 to 10 (! Much like my flower jellies do, by making an infusion are lance shaped, sharp toothed with fine located! ; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck found on drier soils, but in thickets and.

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