Taking China as a case study, China is one country that almost suffered such an inevitable situation, but where able to manage and checkmate this problem by taking some bold steps like the limitation on the birth rate. Currently the worlds population growth rate stands at about 1.4% (2000 est. Resources DPR Nigeria (2005), Chat on Nigeria fuel share of energy consumption, 2001 (Department Abstract PIP: The population of Nigeria is growing at a rate of 3.75%/year indicating a doubling of the population every 22 years. The Christian religion in turn prohibits the most effective forms of contraception and most are anti-abortion. emissions. If you take tribalism and multiply it by a high population – you will get a massive problem! However, it appears the population growth rate in Nigeria is influenced by the interplay of the three main demographic processes of fertility, mortality and migration. Factors Affecting Nigerias Underdevelopment. By acting as sustainable world viewers, Nigerians will know the effects of a rapid population growth on the environment and its resources. Recent government talks on a new population policy to limit the number of children per mother to two shows that Nigerian policymakers may be barking up the wrong tree. This is because continuous geometrical population growth will only add more pressures on the environment and its resources and can only contribute more to unnecessary congestion, water scarcity, air, land and water pollution in cities like Abuja and Lagos and above all high unemployment rate which at the moment stands at 28% (Globalis Interactive World Map, 2005). from just 0.42 quadrillion Btu (quads) in 1980 to approximately 0.92 quads in So in essence China is importing almost an average of what Nigeria is producing per day. Why does the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan describe the high population growth in Nigeria as a risk factor? The World Bank estimate of Nigeria's 1990 population was 119 million, with an estimated annual growth rate of 3.3 percent. The difficulties experienced in preparing an adequate work of this magnitude using the double time projection cannot be overlooked when considering that population census in Nigeria is done with minimal accuracy as the actual population estimate of 120 million used in this calculation is seen as not being correct (underestimated) by many population demographers and environmentalists. Factors affecting population growth are both social and biological issues. Nigeria has the largest population in Africa, and it … Unfortunately, a lot of experts believe that it will create more problems rather than make things better. At a Public consultation with the media in July 2017, she said that Nigeria has a fertility rate of 5.5. Such a decrease takes place over a relative short period of time, resulting in what is known as a population crash or dieback. It's only possible with the creation new policies geared towards the family planning! of Petroleum Resources DPR Nigeria 2005est.) The Federal Government of Nigeria even declares the nation's growth as one of the unsustainable factors for the economy. Unfortunately, the Federal Government of Nigeria can't create a plan for the country's resources if the population keeps growing. 4 years ago. To really appreciate the seriousness and danger of population crash in Nigeria, we need to examine its impacts on Nigerias ecosystem and resources. remainder with 31.7%, with hydropower (6.8%) and coal (0.2%) rounding out the BRIEF HISTORY OF POPULATION GROWTH TREND IN NIGERIA After the independence in 1960, a successful population census was carried out in Nigeria in 1964, which an estimated population of 55.6 million people was taken into account. If the population growth continues to be high, the resources will not be divided adequately! … In Nigeria, corruption occurs in many areas but the most common is corruption of government officials. In 2015, the estimated number of people in Nigeria had grown to 182.2 million, a 300% increase in 56 years. Newer and tighter regulations and enforcement of existing environmental and population laws will help stem the degradation of the environment and excessive population growth. This should not have been the case when one looks at the crude oil reserve of China and the foreign exchange that ought to be earned by China (which most oil producing nations like Nigeria currently enjoy) but instead such foreign exchange are expanded to import the crude oil to sustain the large population of about 1.2 billion. Today, this number has increased to 190 million citizens. The rampant flaring of natural gas in the Niger Delta during oil production is the main culprit making natural gas the main source of carbon emissions in Nigeria, other sources are fuel wood, automotive engines and industries. such a society would be regarded as developed. This is probably with out doubt the Petroleum consumption accounted for the lion's Therefore, one of the main goals of the Federal Government is to decrease the population growth of Nigeria. ), when applied to the worlds population of 6.4 billion (Sept. 2005 est.) Non-renewable resource consumption and depletion like crude WATCH: Nigeria Tries to Slow its Population Growth. High infant mortality: The perceived need to have many babies in order that some will survive, to work on the farm, support aged parents and so forth. Critically analyzing this situation, it is definitely obvious that the population will double but the space (geographical area of Nigeria) will not double since it is fixed. Even now, the high population growth has led to a problem for every economic programme in Nigeria. and industrial uses as a means of combating deforestation and over-reliance Nigeria is a country with the largest human population in Africa and popularly regarded as The Giant of Africa for its population. Cue should be taken from China and other countries like Russia, Hungary, Estonia etc with negative population growth rates, in trying to address her rapid population growth. rate analysis. But the Federal Government of Nigeria is going an opposite direction. Nigeria, like you already know, is one of the developing countries in the world and its population is has increased significantly in the last few years. oil, coal etc, Water pollution, soil pollution and air pollution, The estimated total population of Nigeria in the near future 11 Factors Affecting Economic Growth in Nigeria. Unfortunately, a lot of experts believe that it will create more problems rather than make things better. Which means that on average, every woman has 5.5 children. Since then, it became obvious that Nigeria’s population was leading to a rapid population growth. has been done using double time will thus answer the question regarding; How Africa's population growth jeopardizes efforts to fight poverty, while immigration is expected to fuel U.S. population growth. Chart and table of Nigeria population from 1950 to 2020. It is believed in science that matter occupies space and space is limited, as a result, this phenomenon in turn will show that the fixed factor like space (environment) will be affected when a continuous factor like population growth is put on it. Hughes et al. Nigeria population can significantly influence its economy in the future. The second most obvious problem is the unemployment rate! and be sustained with the limited resources and what will happen if the population However, oil, like every other resource, tends to be limited. Oil extraction in the Niger Delta has had a significant impact on the environment. There is only one path for Nigeria to do that - Family planning. This is one of the aftermaths of the phenomenon explained earlier or the consequences of having a variable factor like population growth on a fixed factor like the geographical area of Nigeria which ultimately will remain limited (923,768 sq. Thus, it will be better to curtail this menace that is eminent in the next 27 years, so that the Nigerian environment can be passed on to the generations coming in 27 years improved and not impaired. What then are the implications of exceeding the carrying capacity in an ecosystem like Nigeria? With a population growth rate of two to three percent every year, Nigeria’s population is expected to continue to skyrocket. Like other universities, FEU Diliman is experiencing a high number of BSA students’ shifters and low academic performance in accounting course. The country's oil boom and low oil prices also have led to an influx of cars and consequent traffic congestion which continues to get worse. The rich amongst us have a fleet of cars and dozens of houses all over only to prove that they are rich. These effects are presently felt most especially in; energy consumption, carbon emissions, air pollution and human congestion. That is to say that an increase in human population means an increasing demand on the environment to provide those resources needed to sustain it. It consists of hundreds of tribes! Although some views might vary as regarding the approach by this work, which is based on the fact that population growth (a factor) plays a major role or acts as a major contributor in environmental degradation of Nigerias environment. By Wilson Chapman , Contributor July 10, … on oil from the growing human population. can therefore project the state the environment will be in within the next 27 were to exceed its earths carrying capacity to sustain it? rate and applying the double time growth analysis, Nigerias population The main resource which provides almost half of income of Nigeria is oil! 41391d60-418a-4708-83ce-8292cb45f083.jpg. With an increase in human population in Nigeria, energy consumption will be in the increase as seen in the results above and this increase will cause more depletion and degradation of the Nigerian environment. Nigeria is one of the developing countries, whose population increased … Demographers estimated the population to be 91,178,000 in 1985. There are now more than 28,000 cities with more than 5000 inhabitants and about 1000 with more than 100000 inhabitants. coal as a replacement for oil and fuel wood also will lead to increased carbon Largest in Africa. The factors responsible for population growth in Nigeria are numerous and this includes; lack of birth control, religious beliefs, low mortality rate, and financial incentives. Nigeria population can significantly influence its economy in the future. Population Growth In Nigeria. Population growth is a global priority because of the problems posed by the demographic explosion of recent years. The current population of Nigeria in 2020 is 206,139,589, a 2.58% increase from 2019.; The population of Nigeria in 2019 was 200,963,599, a 2.6% increase from 2018.; The population of Nigeria in 2018 was 195,874,683, a 2.62% increase from 2017. Lv 4. and almost 3,150,643 the second year based on double time population growth Some of these results are; depletion of resources, human congestion, weather modification, high unemployment rate, environmental degradation and a lot more. Which African country has the highest level of poverty in 2018? Apart from the effects discussed earlier, other negative effects that are paramount with further increase in human population are: More cars (more pollution) as seen in Lagos and Abuja, direct effect on the water table (water scarcity) which is fast dropping below normal, overuse of natural resources, deforestation, desertification, urban sprawl, clearing land for residential use and increased garbage. believe that Nigeria is or has already exceeded the carrying capacity. Just as the birth of new people increases the population size, deaths decrease it. Much of the current data suggests the population growth spurt isn’t slowing down anytime soon. Breaking: Massive heartbreak in DMW camp as Davido loses personal bodyguard of over 6 years, Hilarious video of Zlatan Ibile trying to feed Davido with meat in private jet gets Nigerians laughing, Yanzu-yanzu: Zan bude boda nan ba da dadewa ba, Buhari, Mummy Ifeanyi take it easy on us! In the minds of pessimistic environmentalists and population demographers, it may have already gone beyond enough. Nigeria population can significantly influence its economy in the future. It will lead to chaos. The second task is family planning, which includes raising awareness of the importance of planning your family so parents can afford to give them the best. Meaning that at 2.56% growth rate, the double time or the number The resources in Nigeria are limited, and it seems that this country will continue to be resource oriented for a long time. time it will take Nigeria to reach its carrying capacity and this will put enormous So, is it really a big problem for a nation when its population becomes larger? This has forced large numbers of Igbo, Ibibio, and Hausa people to migrate to other parts of the country. The geographical area of Nigeria is by nature limited to 923,768 sq. Despite having a population estimated at 12 million, Lagos does not have a subway or intra-city rail service, leaving residents dependent on automobiles for transportation. years which is the time it is expected for the human population to double in has declined by around 50% since 1997. Demographers estimated the population to be 91,178,000 in 1985. Nigeria is not a country with a one-nation mentality. size using the double time calculation. According to the data from the Nigeria Health Watch, Nigeria had a 300% increase rate in the last 56 years. Mrs. Zaina Ahmed, the Minister of State for Budget and national planning, gave her position concerning the population growth of Nigeria. One can only guess than imagine the accuracy of such a census in a country were such an issue is considered as a mere process of disbursing funds by some myopic thinking ones. Demographic data: Most environmental scientists predict that the worlds Therefore, it's only natural to appeal to the citizens to reduce their ambitions to make more children. In summary, the major macroeconomic factors that influence economic growth in Nigeria are physical capital, labor force, foreign direct investment, foreign aid, inflation, and government expenditure. That`s why it's important to provide contraceptives in rural areas of the country! Nigeria's per capita carbon emissions have fluctuated over the past 20 years, but generally have stood at or near 0.20 metric tons of carbon equivalent (although ranked among the lowest OPEC members in Africa). Finally, for the already degraded environment, it will be helpful if strict adherence to the promotion of environmental risk assessments prior to project initiations is adopted. It produces an average of 3 million barrels per day and imports another 2 million barrels per day. share of Nigeria's total energy consumption in 2001, making up 61.4% of the The factors affecting the growth and development of organizations vary from one country to another, but, whatever the situation, Abstract PIP: The population of Nigeria is growing at a rate of 3.75%/year indicating a doubling of the population every 22 years. At the moment China imports crude oil to sustain and increase their domestic production and consumptions. Results on the effects of population growth in Nigeria: The overall effects of this growth on the living standards, resources use and the environment will continue to change the Nigerian landscape for a very long period of time if nothing is done to checkmate the rapid population growth. Reports on population growth: Recent reports from the international programs center, U.S Bureau of Census projected the total population of the world to be at 6.4 billion (Sept. 2005 est.). 4). With this high growth rate and applying the double time growth analysis, Nigeria’s population will be expected to have added 3,072,000 persons the 1st year of the estimate and almost 3,150,643 the second year based on double time population growth rate analysis. yields an annual increase of about 85-90 million people. population will be between 10 and 20 billion, in which case, at present growth This can go a long way. But this work is strongly of the view that population growth is the key factor to the negative modifications of Nigerias environment. Population growth is influenced by various factors and dynamics that are manifested at global and local scales and have led to the distribution of the current population. Nigeria's rapid population growth, especially in urban areas, poses difficult economic, social, and public health challenges. How many is too many? We begin by examining different measures of economic growth and poverty and how the choice of measures may affect findings. For the health sector of Nigeria, which is already not in the best state, the high population growth is very problematic. Photo by Joshua Oluwagbemiga on Unsplash 1. economy (fueled by oil development), Nigeria's energy consumption has risen These impacts are seen already through: Thus, population control is seriously needed if Nigerians are to leave sustainably, but the question is: where is population control needed most in Nigeria and what might inhibit its success? The Nigeria fisheries sub sector contributes about 3-4 percent to the country’s annual GDP and is an important contributor to the population’s nutritional requirements, constituting about 50 percent of animal protein intake. The Government can't provide adequate opportunities for economic growth in Nigeria. READ ALSO: How many daughters did Job have? Natural gas accounted for the bulk of the Therefore, an overpopulated country will become a big problem for every hospital and clinic in Nigeria as they will not be able to provide adequate assistance for people! km). It will be adequate if Nigerians learn to think and act as sustainable world viewers rather than the so called frontier world viewers of the environment. That's why Nigerian couples are advised to take steps to reduce the number of children being born! Thus, this research is aiming to point out the eminent and unavoidable results of continuous increase in human population in Nigeria. Is this the right decision? How many is too many? Air pollution and human congestion in Nigeria: The increase in air pollution has remained a problem in Nigeria, as other sources such as automobiles and diesel-fired electricity generators contribute to the choking air in cities such as Abuja and Lagos, which are plagued by daily smog shrouding the skyline of the central city. km, with a population of 120 million and endowed with numerous natural resources (in limited quantity). A political one, a social one and a health one? The Federal Government of Nigeria declares the nation’s growth as one of the unsustainable factors of the economy of the country. country's primary energy consumption in the mid-1990s to nearly 32% today. Oil spills have destroyed aquatic ecosystems and burning gases associated with oil extraction has caused considerable air pollution, leading to the release of greenhouse gases and causing respiratory problems for local people. Previous Factors Affecting The Growth Of Scouting In Nigeria While the growth of the association is ultimately the result of delivering high-quality and good Scouting, haphazard growth is not sustainable. What is are factors affecting Nigeria's population growth? 0 0. peter. Lowland plains, flat river valleys and deltas and volcanic areas with fertile soil … 2005), Chat on Nigeria energy consumption (Department of Petroleum (Fig. Several questions should come to mind in this regard: The short answer and indeed the most frightening answer to both questions are we dont know! total (Fig. The population explosion in Lagos since the 1960s during the 1970s oil boom put tremendous pressure on city government resources, which could not keep up to manage traffic adequately, same is now being seen in Abuja the current capital. The concentration of communities has accelerated the growth of populations. This will definitely increase if the population growth is not checked. This view will allow for better understanding of the natural resources that abound, which are limited and should be protected with enthusiasm and vigor. Owing to its continuing population boom and the further development of the country's While it`s almost impossible to ask Nigerians to stop making love- it`s possible to promote the use of contraceptives! Although other sources differed on the exact figure, virtually all sources agreed that the annual rate of population growth in the country had … The following factors amongst many are generally considered to be the most important: Religion: The Islamic religion in Nigeria promotes large families with the encouragement of early marriage and polygamous family system. The high population growth of Nigeria is described as a “risk factor” by the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan. Some experts are of the opinion that it should be as drastic as China's ex-policy “One family - one child”. In 1991, a By 2050, Nigeria’s population is expected to surpass that of the U.S. and could exceed 400 million. Fans say as Davido's wife-to-be shares revealing IG photos, Video: Ooni of Ife receives newborn son at the palace amidst jubilation, 2023: APC takes crucial decision on Umahi, Dogara after emergency NEC meeting, Actress Ronke Odusanya reacts to rumour she dragged 'baby daddy' to court after wrecking him financially, Nigerian lady rides her motorcycle from Lagos state to Onitsha and back in 17 hours, many react (photos), Roses are red violets are blue poems funny, Wow! Factors Affecting Shifter's Population. If by now the population has not exceeded the carrying capacity, then by slowing the population growth to zero or near zero, Nigeria can avoid what many pessimists see as inevitable; a population crash or even potential extinction in the near future. Since Nigeria is still a developing country when compared to other advanced western countries that have improved technology and manpower to handle issues related to population growth, it will be worth while to earnestly control the increasing growth or face a highly depleted environment . In the case of Nigeria which is used here as a spotlight in this discussion, this analysis method is used to identify and analyze the characteristics and demographic/economic effects on a nation covering a land area of 923,768 sq. This has led to: Drastic measures are needed to solve this eminent time bomb that is fast eating its way like a cankerworm into the potential existence of Nigeria as one of the most domineering nations in Africa and the world at large. This can be buttressed further when correlating the views of other environmentalists or demographers that have previously worked on this field and hold the same view that Population growth has been responsible for about 45% of humanitys environmental problems. The factors responsible for population growth in Nigeria are numerous and this includes; lack of birth control, religious beliefs, low mortality rate, and financial incentives. 1). It`s especially seen in the Northern states where the Total Birth Rate is as high as 6.5. CAUSES, EFFECT AND SOLUTION TO POPULATION GROWTH IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF ESAN CENTRAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA) ABSTRACT The subject matter of this research is the causes, effect and solution to population growth on the Nigeria economy a case study of Esan Central Local Government Area. 1 0. rexroat. answer to both questions is a positive one because at the rate of the growth, Where DT = Doubling time in years and GR = Growth rate in percentage International Programs Centre, US Bureau for Census, (2005). Militancy in the Niger Delta is one of the major factors affecting economic growth in Nigeria.Kidnapping and blowing up of major pipelines carrying crude oil for export, and disruptions of crude oil production of 2.2 million barrels per day, almost crippled the nation’s economy when it reduced to half.The Nigerian economy depends solely on foreign exchange earnings from the sale of crude oil and gas. The World Bank estimate of Nigeria's 1990 population was 119 million, with an estimated annual growth rate of 3.3 percent. Results: Based on the analysis of the data, the study found out that infant mortality and maternal mortality rates have long run relationship the factors which influence Nigeria’s population growth. depleted showing that the population is already enough to have a meaningful Nigeria is estimated to be the third most populous country in the world by 2050 with a population … Mrs. Zaina Ahmed points out that the country's resources are limited and times are hard. Lack of education: The lack of education especially as related to population education, sex education and the lowering of infant mortality and birth rates. The age where population increase is seen by many in Nigeria as the key to the control of political power and resources should be discarded and a proactive approach adopted. 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